Do not let the summer mark the end of your gardening activities. There are quite a number of things that you can do to improve and maintain your garden during fall. Listed below are 25 essential fall gardening tips that you should know.
Tips for Fall Gardening:
1. Tip number one is to ensure that you pick the right kind of plants for fall season. Some of the crops suited for fall conditions include: radishes, tunips, Swiss chard, carrots among many others.
2. Fall is the perfect time for fertilizing garden plants. Fertilizing during the fall allows your crops to have strong lawn roots which improves their over all health. It is important to keep away from fresh manure. This is because fresh manure has high contents of nitrogen which can burn your plants. Stick to rotted or composted manure that has been cured for at least six months.
3. Fall serves as a perfect time for pruning spring flowering shrubs for example, lilacs. Spring flowering shrubs normally bud during the autumn or during the last year of growth. Pruning them during the fall results to removal of next springs flower bud.
4. Have you ever heard of winter sowing? Even when temperatures go to the point of freezing, it is still possible to plant your seeds. This is done through the technique of winter sowing which is done by planting seeds in containers that act as mini greenhouses. It might not be winter but at times it can get really cold during the fall.
5. Ensure that you plan for your water system early enough. Soak end sprinklers are usually a good option but drip is deemed to be ideal for most plants.
6. During planting ensure that you grow plants in an area that receives a good amount of sunlight. A good amount is estimated as 8 hours of direct sunlight each day.
7. Weed can be a major problem during fall. The best approach to this is hand weeding. Deep hoeing is never the best option because it can result to weed seeds surfacing to the soil. At the end this does not eliminate the weed problem.
8. Perennials should be planted during the fall. This gives them time to establish their root systems.
9. It is important to determine the first frost in your zonal area. This is because everything that one plants should be ready for harvest before the day of the first frost.
10. Swiss chard, kale and collards taste way better when they receive that first frost. As a result, you might want to consider leaving them to receive just a touch of frost.
11. If are you not interested in using manure, then you can consider the option of cover crops. Cover crops are defined as green manures that grow well during the fall and winter.
12. In cold areas, white clover and alfalfa can serve as a perfect form of cover crops.
13. For all the flower lovers out there, dont be sad when the summer flower blooms away. You still have the opportunity of decorating your garden with ornamental cabbages, chrysanthemums and pansies. These plants have the capability of filling the spots left behind by the faded summer bloom.
14. Fall is a great time for bulbs like lilies, daffodils and cherry tulips. Ensure that you plant more than the required in order to account for the ones that will be lost to the squirrels.
15. Did you know that fall is also good for grass growing? The cool air and warm soil is good for the growth of grass.
16. You can make your life easier by purchasing a fall planting calender guide. This acts as a directory that shows you what to plant, and when to weed it.
17. Understanding the drainage of your soil can prove to be an important aspect. Plants thrive in well drained soils. You can improve the drainage by using organic materials.
18. It is highly recommended that you do not plant on wet soil. This does not mean you wait for your soil to be bone dry.
19. It might b a good idea to keep the fall leaves in place and use them as composite manure.
20. If you plan on transplanting container crops, it is necessary to ensure that you dig a hole big enough to aid the establishment of roots.
21. Remember that fertilizer is not always the better option for healthy plants: organic amendments are.
22. The mistake that most of us make is clearing up the garden during fall. You can leave ornamental grass for the purpose of aesthetics. You can also leave the seed heads of cornflowers and other perennials for the birds to feed on.
23. Do not cut marginally perennials like the mums. This increases their chances of surviving in the winter.
24. Dead heading is a good practice that is mainly done during the fall. This is the act of of removing faded flowers.
25. Always have adequate information about what you are planting